Dangerous Goods

Dangerous goods/hazardous materials are items or substances that may endanger the safety of the aircraft or guests on board. The following dangerous goods have restrictions for air travel:


Dangerous goods that are not permitted

The following items must not be taken on board a Virgin Australia aircraft under any circumstance:

  • Battery operated small recreational vehicles such as self-balancing boards, hover board, aero wheels.
  • Batteries that are damaged, distorted, leaking, showing signs of corrosion or identified as defective and recalled by a manufacturer are not permitted for carriage.
  • Bleaching or peroxide powders and liquids
  • Cigarette lighters with blue flame and cigar lighters
  • Coconut meat (Copra). Note retail packaged coconut products are permitted.
  • Disabling devices containing an irritant or incapacitating substance (e.g. mace, pepper spray)
  • Engines – Petrol or gas powered equipment either new or used such as chainsaws, lawn mowers, hedge trimmers, generators
  • Electro shock weapons (Tasers)
  • Explosives such as fireworks, flares, sparklers, party poppers
  • Fertilizers
  • Fibre glass repair kits and resins
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Flammable aerosol cans (excluding toiletries)
  • Flammable gas cylinders or cartridges
  • Flammable liquids such as petrol, paint, lighter fluid, thinners, lacquer, glues
  • Flammable solids such as fire starters, moth balls
  • Industrial cleaning products
  • Insecticides
  • Meals ready to eat (MRE)
  • Poisons such as weed killers and insecticides
  • Pool cleaning products
  • Security type attaché cases containing dangerous goods such as lithium batteries or pyrotechnic devices
  • Strike anywhere matches
  • Spillable batteries

Note: If you take dangerous goods on board, even inadvertently, you may be liable to prosecution and severe penalties apply.

Dangerous goods that are permitted 

Some dangerous goods are permitted to be carried by passengers if specific requirements and conditions are adhered to. This may include declaring the dangerous goods at check-in.

The information below outlines the conditions of carriage and if an item requires the operator’s approval.

Note: If you do not declare the carriage of dangerous goods that require the operator’s approval at the time of check in, even inadvertently, you may be liable to prosecution and severe penalties apply.
If your flight is to or from the United States, the penalties under US Federal law include five years' imprisonment and penalties of USD250,000 or more (49 U.S.C. 5124).

Aerosols - non-flammable gas, for sporting and home use only

Permitted in as checked baggage only – The total net quantity of all such articles (including any toiletry and medicinal articles mentioned below) must not exceed 2 kg or 2 L and the net quantity of each single article must not exceed 0.5 kg or 0.5 L. The aerosol must not have any other subsidiary hazard.and the Aerosols are permitted that are under a net quantity of 2kg/ 2L (including any toiletry and medicinal articles mentioned below) and a single aerosol does not exceed 0.5kg/ 0.5L. The release valve on the aerosol must be protected by a cap or other suitable means to prevent inadvertent release of the contents. The aerosol must not have any other subsidiary risk and must be for sporting or home use only.



Alcoholic beverages

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – Must be in retail packaging and a maximum net total of 5L per person is permitted. The alcohol must not be more than 70% alcohol by volume and consumption of alcohol carried on board is not permitted on the aircraft.

For International flights: Liquid, Aerosol and Gel (LAGs) restrictions apply for carriage in carry-on baggage. Please refer to the Department of Infrastructure for further information on LAGs restrictions


Ammunition (cartridges for weapons, small arms)

  • Only ammunition cartridges for weapons, small arms in Division 1.4s, UN0012 or UN0014 is permitted. This excludes cartridges, small arms blanks or cartridges for weapons, inert projectiles.
  • The ammunition must be securely packaged and in checked baggage only.
  • Ammunition packed in the same case as a firearm must be separated from the firearm by a partition or internal compartment.
  • A guest is permitted to take a quantity not exceeding 5kg of ammunition.
  • Limitations are per guest and allowances for more than one guest must not be combined into one or more packages.
  • Regulations and conditions of carriage for passengers travelling with firearms and ammunition including licenses, documentation and conditions imposed by countries or other carriers is the sole responsibility of the person travelling.
  • Please refer to Firearms for the requirements of carriage


Avalanche rescue backpack

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – guests are permitted only 1 per person and the backpack must be packed in a manner that it cannot be accidentaly activated. The airbags within the backpacks must be fitted with pressure relief valves.

Note: Avalanche rescue backpacks are not permitted on flights to/from the USA



Bags with installed batteries/power banks (Smart bags)

Bags with a battery/power bank installed (smart bags) are permitted in carry-on baggage only. Smart bags where the battery/power bank cannot be removed are prohibited for carriage. Smart bags too big/heavy for the cabin must not be checked in unless the battery/power bank is removed and the battery/power bank is carried in the cabin. All transmitting and Wi-Fi functions on smart bags must be turned off.

For full information on the safe transport of batteries and conditions of carriage, please see Batteries Information.


Camping stoves and fuel containers that have contained a flammable liquid

Permitted in checked baggage only – stoves and containers must be completely drained of all liquid fuel and action has been taken to nullify the danger.

To nullify the danger, the empty fuel container must be allowed to drain for at least 1 hour and the container left uncapped for a minimum of 6 hours to allow any residual fuel to evaporate; or cooking oil can be added to the container to elevate the flash point and then empty the fuel tank. There must be no strong smell of fuel remaining on the container. The cap must then be securely fastened and be wrapped in an absorbent material such as paper towel and placed in a polyethylene or equivalent bag. The top of the bag must then be sealed or gathered and closed with an elastic band or twine.

Note: This exception is NOT applicable to items with internal combustion engines such as chain saws, brushcutters and/or lawnmowers. These items are not permitted for carriage either new or used.


Dry Ice (carbon dioxide, solid)

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – guests are permitted to take up to 2.5kg of dry ice in a ventilated container. Guests are not permitted to combine more than the amount permitted for one person.


Dry Shippers - Insulated packages containing refrigerated liquid nitrogen

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage. Sometimes termed as 'Dry Shippers', they are permitted only if the liquid nitrogen is fully absorbed and the package has the capacity to release any build-up of pressure. Only non-dangerous goods can be transported within the 'Dry Shipper'.


e-Cigarettes Containing Batteries

Electronic cigarettes including e-cigars and other personal vaporizers containing batteries must be in carry-on baggage only. The use on board and the recharging of these devices is strictly prohibited. The item must be packed to prevent accidental activation. Spare batteries must be individually protected to prevent short circuits and carried in carry-on baggage only. Lithium metal or lithium alloy batteries must not contain more than 2g lithium content, lithium ion batteries must not have a watt-hour rating more than 100Wh and the batteries and cells must be of a type that meets the requirements of the UN Manual of Test and Criteria, Part III, subsection 38.3.



Permitted as checked baggage only – Guest permitted to travel with metal firesticks only provided that used wicks have been thoroughly cleaned, there is no strong residual smell of fuel, the heads are covered with a plastic, polythene or alike bag, and the bag is sealed or gathered and closed with an elastic band or twine.


Fuel cells contained in portable electronic devices


Fuel cells contained in portable electronic devices Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – fuel quantity must not exceed 200ml (liquids), 200g (solids) 120ml (gas), a maximum of 2 spare fuel cells are permitted per guest and must travel as carry-on baggage only.




Gas camping stoves

Permitted in carry-on and checked baggage – camping stove only.

Compressed flammable gas cylinders are not permitted.



Gas cartridges - non-flammable for lifejackets, bicycle pumps and other inflating devices.

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage. Limited to cylinders of carbon dioxide (CO2) or other suitable gas in Division 2.2 without
a subsidiary risk;

Self-inflating safety device such as a life-jacket or vest:

  • No more than one personal safety device per person;
  • Packed in such a manner that it cannot be accidentally activated;
  • Fitted with no more than two small cartridges; and not more than two spare cartridges. 

Other devices (e.g. bike pump):

  • No more than four small cylinders;
  • The water capacity of each cylinder must not exceed 50 mL. (A water capacity of 50 mL is equivalent to a 28 g cylinder)

Gas cylinders - non-flammable, for the operation of mechanical limbs

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – worn for the operation of a mechanical limb and any spare cylinders of similar size if required to ensure an adequate supply for the duration of the journey permitted.


Hair curlers containing hydrocarbon devices

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – Only one device is permitted per guest provided the safety cover is securely fitted over the heating element.

Note: Gas refills for such devices are not permitted in carry-on or checked in baggage.


Heat producing articles

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – battery-powered equipment capable of generating extreme heat, which would cause a fire if activated, such as underwater high intensity lamps and soldering irons are permitted providing the device cannot be inadvertently switched on, either by removing the battery or globe.
Gas powered devices are not permitted.

Note: Any battery that has been removed must be protected against short circuiting such as having the terminals covered with electrical tape and the battery must travel as carry-on luggage only.




Medical oxygen cylinders

Permitted as carry-on baggage only.

  • The oxygen cylinder must not exceed 5kg gross weight.
  • The oxygen cylinder must be carried in an approved Air Liquide OxyCare travel pack, BOC OxyCare travel pack or BOC Carry Bag.

Guests are permitted to use medical oxygen cylinders on board providing:

Cylinders are not accepted on Virgin Australia International Long Haul Flights without prior approval from the

Note: Liquid oxygen systems are forbidden for transport.



Non-infectious specimens packed with small quantities of flammable liquids

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – Packed with small quantities (no more than 30 mL) of flammable liquid in leak proof inner containers or heat sealed plastic bags contained in a leak proof outer packaging . The total quantity (if a number of plastic bags/bottles are carried) of flammable liquid in the outer packaging must be no more than 1L.

Note: Flammable liquid may only be ethanol/ethyl alcohol/solution, formaldehyde solution, alcohol or isopropanol.



Portable electronic devices - battery operated equipment

Portable electronic devices (PED’s) such as laptops, cameras, EPIRB’s and including equipment such as drones and tools powered by batteries may be dangerous if NOT carried in the appropriate manner.

Batteries for these devices must be securely installed in the equipment and suitably protected against damage. PEDs and equipment placed in checked baggage must be completely switched off (not in hibernation mode) and effectively protected from accidental activation and damage. This may be achieved by packing the device in a robust case or the original retail packaging. Any applications, alarms or pre-set configurations that may activate the device have to be disabled or deactivated.

Spare/loose batteries including power banks must be in carry-on baggage only with the terminals protected against short circuiting.

For full information on the safe transport of batteries and conditions of carriage, please see Batteries Information.

Portable medical devices - battery operated

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage –Guests are permitted to travel with battery operated devices such as external defibrillator, nebulisers or oxygen concentrators. All spare batteries must be in carry-on baggage only. Please visit Batteries Information

For use of medical devices on board see Special Needs and Assistance



Safety matches and lighters

Permitted on ones-self only - either one small compressed gas lighter or a box of safety matches or a liquid fuel lighter that has the flammable liquid fully absorbed.

Note: Blue flame, cigar, cooktop, pipe and torch lighters and ‘Strike anywhere’ matches are forbidden for air transport.




Permitted in checked baggage only – 1 permitted per guest for personal use and the thermometer must be housed in a protective case.

Thermometers/barometers carried by a government weather bureau representative must be sealed in leak proof bag contained in a strong outer packaging in carry-on baggage only



Toiletry and medicinal articles

Permitted as carry-on or checked baggage – Articles such as hair sprays, deodorants and perfumes are permitted that are under a net quantity of 2kg/ 2L (including any aerosols mentioned above) and a single article does not exceed 0.5kg/ 0.5L. A release valve on the aerosol must be protected by a cap or other suitable means to prevent inadvertent release of the contents. The aerosol must not have any other subsidiary hazard and be for personal use only.



Wheelchairs/mobility aids – battery powered

For full information on the safe transport of Battery Powered Wheelchairs and Mobility Devices please see our Mobility Aid page.

Other restricted items

Any material which has narcotic, noxious, irritating or other properties that in the case of spillage or leakage could cause extreme annoyance or discomfort to others are not permitted on-board or have additional restrictions for carriage. Such items are:

  • Balloons and inflated balls/toys - Due to possible rapid deflation or explosion during climb, balls such as footballs and basket balls, balloons and inflatable toys must be partially or fully deflated if carried in the cabin.
  • Nail polish and nail polish remover - Although the items are permitted for carriage, use on board the aircraft is strictly prohibited.
  • Jack Fruit and Durian Fruit - restricted from carriage on-board the flight due to the noxious smell these fruit produce.

Additional dangerous goods restrictions in particular countries:

Civil Aviation Regulatory Authorities for each country may enforce further restrictions on the carriage of dangerous goods transport to, through or out of that country.

A number of additional restrictions are enforced for passengers travelling to/from the USA such as:

  • No avalanche rescue packs
  • No Oxygen Cylinders
  • No torch lighters

For further information in regards to Dangerous Goods: